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28.10.2019, Congress "Pioneers of the Seas" on 23.11.2019 in Galileo Park

Exactly 500 years ago (1619), Magellan began its historic circumnavigation of America. This opened the doors for the colonization of the American continent - even if the locals that would have liked to avoid. The world has sailed around Magellan, despite widespread opinion, not. He died before the return of his Fleet to Europe.

And exactly 50 years ago (1969), mankind was perhaps the greatest performer of theirs History: the first manned moon landing!  Armstrong, Collin and Aldrin. True heroes who took off with a 50:50 chance of survival.

And that's not all: hardly noticed in the shadow of the moon landing, the Norwegian explorer and adventurer Thor Heyerdahl (1914 - 2002) started in 1969 with his papyrus raft "Ra I" his first expedition across the Atlantic. He wanted to prove that too earlier - millennia ago – advanced cultures were in contact with each other. That succeeded one year later with the "Ra II".

For a cultural exchange, however, one must permanently in both directions (East-West and west-east). That could be the "Ra" expeditions of Thor Heyerdahl not yet. But the sting was set. The German PhD biologist and experimental archaeologist Dominique Görlitz got to know and appreciate Thor Heyerdahl. He decided to continue his life's work. On ancient Egyptian drawings he discovered ships strange "boards" on the sides. Through experimental experiments he found out that these "cruising" - so sail against wind and currents - allowed.

With his "ABORA expeditions," he said this sustainable. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Thor Heyerdahl's "Ra I" Expedition, Görlitz started this summer his "ABORA IV" expedition from Varna (Bulgaria, Black Sea) through the Bosporus to the Mediterranean Sea. After successfully reaching the goal of "Santorin", we went on to Turkey, where "ABORA IV" will find a permanent home in the Kaş Museum.

Given this wealth of historic events this year, GALILEO-PARK has decided to put the theme of "Pioneers of the Seas" this year in honor of the great explorers.

1st Lecture: The Argonauts of the Stone Age - In the reed boat in the wake of the ancient Egyptians

(Start: 10:00 clock) by Dr. med. Dominique Görlitz (Fig. 3), experimental archaeologist

The ABORA IV expedition was able to prove the technical feasibility of maritime connections of early-historic bronze cultures of the Black Sea with those of the eastern Mediterranean. The expedition demonstrated that iron tools used to build the pyramids 4,600 years ago, as well as tin and amber, could have been shipped by long-distance maritime routes using ancient reed boats.

2nd Lecture: Merchant shipping in the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean

(Beginning: 11:00 am) by Prof. Dr. Frank Müller-Römer, Egyptologist

In the Bronze Age between 2.200 and about 800 BC.there was a lively trade along the coasts of the Levant and Greece. Different goods were transported from west to east and in the opposite direction. Shipping and the related exchange of goods also shaped the political development of the Mediterranean region.

3rd Lecture: World maps from antiquity? New research reveals incredible cartographic knowledge of early cultures about the shape of the earth

(Beginning: 12:00 pm) by Prof. Dr. Manfred Buchroithner (fig. 3), cartography historian

The history of our own modern cartography actually begins very late in the course of the so-called European discoveries. Three maps have acquired a special reputation as a "puzzles of cartography": the Waldseemüller map of 1507, the Piri Reis map of 1513, and the Finaeus map of 1531. These three maps amaze us with their overall appearance, in which illustrates their knowledge of a world that at that time they actually could not possess.

4th Lecture: The Riddle of the South American Chachapoya Culture - Its Origin in Ancient Spain

(Start: 14:00 clock) by Andreas Otte, private researcher

The culture of the so-called Chachapoya has many puzzles. The research of the ancient Americas to the emergence of this culture is for many years in a dead end. The cultural scientist Prof. Dr. Hans Giffhorn has been working intensively on the question of the Old World origin of the South American Chachapoya in the last twenty years.

5th Lecture: Caput GentisLyciae: PATARA - On the History and Meaning of Ancient Patara
(Start: 15:00 clock) by Prof. dr. Havva İşkan (fig. 5), archaeologist

Patara was an ancient city on the Mediterranean coast of Lycia in present-day Turkey. It is located near the mouth of the ancient river Xanthos in the district of Kaş in the province of Antalya. Patara was considered one of the most important cities of Lycia and the most important port of this landscape. Small finds prove a prehistoric settlement of the later Patara already for the time of the Chalcolithic and the early Bronze Age.

At the end, there will be a panel discussion with all the speakers and the audience. The day before, a film screening will take place in which the expedition leader Dominique Görlitz will report on the adventurous cruise of the ABORA IV at the congresshotel Schweinsberg: beginning at 7.30 p.m.

Copyright | Dominique Görlitz •  Dr.-S.-Allende-Str. 46 • D − 09119 Chemnitz | Telefon 0049 - (0)371 725 478 0 | Mobil 0049 − (0)163 - 511 57 66 | dominique.goerlitz@t-online.de

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